What defines a Criminal Record in Mississippi?
A criminal record is an official document that records a person’s criminal history. The information is assembled from local, county and state jurisdictions as well as trial courts, courts of appeals and county and state correctional facilities.
While the standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county, a large percentage of Mississippi criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report. This report is accessed through a number of courts, police departments, and the official Mississippi State Records Online Database.
The amount of criminal records information presented on StateRecords.org varies from person to person. This is because different sources often have non-standardized state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes for data collection. Criminal records in the state of Mississippi generally include the following subjects:
Mississippi Arrest Records
An arrest record is an official document providing information about a person questioned, apprehended, taken into custody, or placed in detention. It may also include information about a person held for investigation and/or charged with, indicted or tried for any felony, misdemeanor or other offense by any law enforcement or military authority.
Mississippi Arrest Warrants
An arrest warrant is an official document signed and issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the local and state jurisdictions. This document authorizes a police officer to arrest or detain the person named in the warrant. A warrant may also authorize the search and seizure of an individual’s property. In addition, an officer may arrest any person without a warrant for an indictable offense committed.
A misdemeanor is a non-indictable offense that is generally less severe than felonies. However, like felonies, a misdemeanor charge is classified by a number-based system designed to describe the severity of the alleged crime. In most states, misdemeanors are punishable by only up to one year in jail. However, a person convicted of a misdemeanor in Mississippi may be sentenced to more than one year of incarceration, depending on the crime.
A felony offense is a criminal conviction with a maximum sentence of more than 1 year, which is served in a county jail or state prison. In some cases, a felony conviction can even be punished by death. Mississippi law does not classify felony crimes into different classes. Instead, the Mississippi criminal statutes give the possible penalties for each felony. Felonies in Mississippi range from murder—the most serious felony crime in the state—to sexual battery, kidnapping, aggravated assault, robbery, and grand larceny.
Mississippi Sex Offender Listing
A sex offender listing is a registry of persons convicted of committing a sex crime that is often accessible by the public. In most cases, jurisdictions compile their laws into sections, such as traffic, assault and sexual. Judges are given discretion as to whether they need registration for crimes besides the charges listed under the sex offender registration law
. A judge may order an adult to register as a sex offender if the crime involves sexual motivation.
Mississippi Serious Traffic Violation
A serious traffic violation tends to involve willful disregard for public safety, death, serious bodily injury, damage to property and multiple minor traffic violations. There is no “point system" in Mississippi. Instead, violations are added to the offender's driving record. This can, in turn, cause an increase in car insurance rates.
Mississippi Conviction Records
A conviction record is a document providing information that a person was found guilty, pleaded guilty or pleaded no contest to criminal charges in a civilian or military court. The criminal charges are classified as a felony, misdemeanor or other offense. Conviction also includes a person judged delinquent and less than honorably discharged or placed on probation, fined, imprisoned or paroled. A criminal conviction is rendered by either a jury of peers or a judge in a court of law. A conviction does not include a final judgment deleted by a pardon, set aside, reversed or otherwise rendered inoperative.
Mississippi Jail and Inmate Records
Jail and inmate records are official documents of information about a person’s current and sometimes past inmate status. A person who is in jail or considered an inmate is someone deprived of his/her civil liberties while on trial for a crime, or a person serving a sentence after being convicted of a crime. Like most states, Mississippi has a Department of Corrections
, which maintains an inmate database
that contains information like the inmate’s name, incarceration date, expected release date, convicted offense and sometimes photos.
Mississippi Parole Information
are an official document that includes information about the release of a prisoner who agreed to certain conditions before the completion of his/her maximum sentence. While the prisoner is on supervised parole, the board shall need as a condition of parole that he/she pays a monthly supervision fee of not less than $30, unless the board agrees to accept a lower fee after determining the inability of the prisoner to pay. The board may also impose any conditions of parole it seems right to make sure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of Mississippi are served.
Mississippi Probation Records
Probation records are official documents that show when a person receives probation as an alternative to prison. Probation
allows people convicted of a crime in Mississippi to serve their sentences out of custody, as long as they follow probation conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer. Probation is issued in proportion to the crime, so the length and nature of probation differ (sometimes drastically) from case to case.
Probation typically falls into three categories: minimally supervised, supervised and intensive. Intensive probation is a form of very strict probation that has conditions that vary from state to state but that emphasize punishment and control of the offender within the community.
Mississippi Juvenile Criminal Records
A juvenile criminal record is an official record of information about criminal activity committed by children or adolescents who are not yet of legal adult age. Juveniles are not considered convicted of a crime like an adult but instead, are found “adjudicated delinquent”. These criminal records are often mistakenly believed to be erased or expunged once a person becomes of legal adult age, but in fact, the record remains unless the person petitions to have it expunged. If a person was found adjudicated delinquent to a criminal offense, they do not have to respond “yes” if asked whether they have ever been convicted of a crime, unless the question specifically asks if they were ever adjudicated delinquent as well.
Mississippi History and Accuracy of Criminal Records
The accuracy of criminal records data largely depends on the recordkeeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction where the record was assembled and later digitized. Mississipi criminal records archives usually tend to go back as far as the early 1970s—which is when different institutions began to compile criminal and arrest data into an organized, centralized database, much like we use today.
Accuracy was more commonly affected by the human error in the past. However, in the 1990s the quality and accuracy of recordkeeping improved exponentially due to the advent of the computer. As a result, the information provided on StateRecords.org will vary from person to person.
Mississippi Megan’s Law
Megan's Law is the term for state laws that create and support a sex offender registry, which provides information on registered sex offenders to the public. The first Megan's Law appeared after the rape and murder of 7-year-old New Jersey resident Megan Kanka by a sex offender who lived in the girl's own neighborhood. Soon after passage of this first Megan's Law, the federal government passed an act, requiring that all states set up sex offender registries
and offer the public with information about those registered,
Anyone convicted of sexual battery involving the use of force must register with state and federal authorities as a sex offender. Sex offender registration restricts where the offender may work, live, go to school, and even just be present.